While the current administration is creating a welcome mat for international students, the ongoing Covid 19 epidemic has made it challenging to turn the tide.
The outlook for the global higher education sector has changed dramatically as students in emerging markets increasingly choose to study abroad. However, with the epidemic disrupting physical mobility, new factors are shaping the world of international education. The enrollment of more than 500,000 students in foreign universities has made India the fastest growing source market, with student enrollment forecast to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 8.5 per cent (2019-2030). Key factors contributing to this impressive growth include population trends, growing purchasing power and family income, improved access to international education, premium salaries administered by foreign graduates, and greater desire to settle abroad.
Although the United States remains the top recipient country for international students, the number has declined over the past few years, in part, due to more restrictive immigration policies, pressured international relations, and travel bans. While the current administration is creating a welcome mat for international students, the ongoing Covid 19 epidemic has made it challenging to turn the tide.
The role of technology in the development of the education sector
Demonstrating a high level of organizational agility from the institutions has helped their instructors and students to make great strides in helping to provide an attractive learning environment while overcoming various challenges.
2021 marks a great momentum in online and hybrid programs. While many organizations are now looking for and preparing to return to private classes, access to online and hybrid courses will continue to dominate the conversation surrounding program development and recruitment over the next decade. These online and hybrid courses allow millions of students and teachers to reach a wider audience without the need for significant additional physical infrastructure.
As faculties excel in teaching in an online environment, they are learning more about how technology, software tools, and other resources can enhance the quality of the online learning / teaching experience. The most important consequence of online education is increasing the level of access to quality education in countries. If higher education fully embraces the potential of the medium, then we have the potential to significantly expand the number of people with academic credentials. Institutions now also have the power to engage faculty who would otherwise not be able to teach at a particular university. The Internet has made classes truly universal – for both teachers and students.
Changes have been made to redefine the goals and objectives of the education sector
Educational institutions always know that they have a responsibility to create an online experience similar to the one that students have in an offline course. As the epidemic continued in 2021, many students focused on the sole purpose of providing the best quality teaching and learning environment, opening the door to educating themselves. Faculty have learned to use videos, discussion boards, online readings and activities that can be completed remotely.
Academic institutions continue to emphasize diversity and inclusion in their mission and strategic plans, as well as re-examine ways in which they can be more transparent with their audiences. Institutions need to sustain and increase their efforts to target more diverse faculties and staff so that they can reach the level of student organization representation.
It is interesting to note that the total enrollment ratio in higher education in India was 27.1 per cent in FY21. According to the KPMG report, India has become the second largest market for e-learning after the United States. The most significant change was the introduction of the new Education Policy (NEP) 2020. It has created a platform to take India to the global stage, which it deserved for a long time. This initiative to integrate the Indian higher education system with international education is highly commendable. NEP will be a groundbreaking transformational initiative to improve the quality of higher education in India, but it must reach and make it globally competitive.
Outlook for 2022
Foreign universities are prioritizing the repatriation of international students on campus to acceptable levels in the face of travel bans and other travel restrictions. Where necessary, universities are trying to accommodate students from countries who will not be able to return easily. While there will certainly be many faculties who would choose to go back to conventional classroom settings, their education will undoubtedly be shaped by their online learning experience.
Because of the higher education system, the United States will continue to be the top choice destination for overseas education with huge and advanced academic programs providing outstanding student support, global perspective, cultural diversity, and enhanced career opportunities and growth potential.
Indian students fly to various higher education centers with ambitions of world-class practical application and experience that give them an advantage in the world economy. The growing number of Indian students studying at international universities translates into building lifelong relationships to maintain and strengthen international partnerships and to work together to address various current and future global challenges.