This state-of-the-art facility will enable testing of new composter design concepts and contribute to the creation of a ‘self-reliant India’ in gas turbine combustion technology.
The Indian Institute of Technology Madras and General Electric (GE), an American multinational corporation, have set up an ‘expanded gas turbine combustor testing facility’ at the National Center for Combustion Research and Development (NCRD). This is the first such facility in any academic institution in the world.
This state-of-the-art facility is one of the few facilities worldwide that can test combustion designs in realistic operating conditions. NCCRD is an IIT Madras research center that conducts research on automotive, thermal energy and aerospace, fire research and microgravity combustion.
Alok Nanda, CEO, GE India Technology Center and CTO – GE South Asia, Vikram Reddy, General Manager, Engineering, India, GE Aviation, Profs. V Kamakoti, Director, IIT Madras, Professor SR Chakraborty, Coordinator, NCCRD, IIT Madras, other faculty and researchers.
This facility will enable IIT Madras researchers to further their research in high-pressure combustion research. It will help professors and research scholars to work with high-pressure combustion. This facility will lead to a greater understanding of combustion physics and the cultivation of a talent pool in gas turbine research.
The concept of new composter designs is already being tested and some of these designs may reach the market in the near future. This facility can be a stepping stone for start-ups involved in combustion related product development. In the long run, such facilities enable India to become a ‘self-sufficient India’ in gas turbine combustion technology.
With growing concerns about environmental pollution and rising oil prices, it is important to build a next-generation gas turbine that is both fuel-efficient and less polluting. In a gas turbine engine, the combustor is one of the most important components which indicates the efficiency of the fuel, the length of the gas turbine and especially the amount of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere.
Several advanced combustion concepts have recently emerged with the goal of reducing pollution. In particular, as the world moves towards zero carbon emissions, there is a huge need to test existing combustion engines, including hydrogen and sustainable aviation fuel.
However, designs need to be tested in realistic operating conditions to make these ideas a reality. Unfortunately, only a few labs in the world have that capability. This new high-pressure testing facility at NCCRD, IIT Madras will bridge this gap and address this challenge.
This feature has the ability to test sector / complete banaka combustion up to 10 times, flow rate of 3 kg / sec at 350 সেল C. The facility has 6 screw compressors with 1.5 MW and a 1 MW electrical load. Air warmer. The facility also has a water spray circuit to cool the flue gases, which can pump up to 2kg / s of water 20 times. The entire operation is automated and the tests are conducted by operators remotely from the control room.
The facility also has a wide range of instrumentation and data logging capabilities, in particular, it is an aircraft-grade house for continuous high-pressure emission measurements. This facility has been created in compliance with the requirements of environmental pollution control.