The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) report for the financial year ending March 2020 has revealed financial mismanagement in higher education in Tamil Nadu.
A report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) for the year ending March 2020 found serious flaws in higher education in Tamil Nadu. Misconceptions include poor or zero research output by many departments of the university. The report identifies salaries and regular unplanned expenditures to replace funds for Madras University for research and development.
The report said that the salary of guest lecturers was much less than the salary of Rs 50,000 proposed by UGC. “Incomplete vacancies have been filled through the appointment of guest lecturers. As of March 2020, 4,084 guest lecturers were employed in government colleges with a salary of Rs 15,000 per month, ”the report submitted to the state assembly on Monday said.
The audit said that the Tamil Nadu Teacher Recruitment Board (TRB) has increased vacancies due to delays in teacher recruitment. The guest lecturers were hired on contract basis to meet the requirement and were not recruited through a transparent merit-based recruitment process, the report said. In contrast to the total sanctioned number of 10,079 teachers in government colleges, there are 4,889 permanent teachers, with 5,190 posts – about 51 per cent – vacant. The vacancies in the aided colleges were 22 per cent (2,380 vacancies as against the sanctioned strength of 10,610). The large number of vacancies was filled mainly by hiring full-time guest lecturers.
In 2014-19, 17 programs were newly started in 10 government colleges and 1,318 students were admitted without teachers to manage the programs. TRB had planned to recruit 1,883 teachers for various subjects in 2016 but the government banned recruitment between April 2017 and June 2018 which resulted in incomplete recruitment process. TRB recruited for 2,331 positions in October 2019 and the recruitment process was incomplete until February 2021, the report said.
At the University of Madras, it was found that the accepted acceptance of students for PG program could not be increased due to lack of faculty and facilities. Due to low demand, acceptance capacity of 63 programs decreased by 68 percent between 2014-19. During this time, no admissions were made to the 27 approved Masters programs.
“The University of Madras, the oldest in the state, is facing financial crisis due to mismanagement and inadequate financial support from the Tamil Nadu government. As a result, funds for research and development activities were allocated for salaries and regular non-planned expenditure,” the report said.
States performed well in terms of student enrollment, pass percentage, access and affordability. The audit, however, found problems mainly in colleges with student-faculty ratios, evaluation of answer scripts, poor research output and regional disparities in access and ineffectiveness of governance structures. The Tamil Nadu State Council for Higher Education has not played its planned role due to its non-constitutional nature as its main organ. Council. Also, the State Academic Audit and Accreditation Council has not started work since its establishment in 2010.
In 2014-19, about 1.48 lakh students from Bharatidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal and Madras University, Chennai applied for re-evaluation and 50 per cent of them changed their marks in re-evaluation. The large number of requests for assessment and the change in the number after the assessment cast doubt on the efficiency of the answer sheet assessment method, it says.
Only a few university departments were active in the research, and most had poor or zero results.
The audit covers the departments of Indigenous Dravidian and Indigenous Welfare, Agriculture, Health and Family Welfare, Higher Education, Revenue and Disaster Management, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, School Education and Social Welfare and Nutritious Food, said Principal Accountant General R Ambalavan. He told reporters that the report identified poor planning and implementation of installation of bio-digestio-tank toilets under Transparent India Mission (Grameen) which had achieved the objective of improved sanitation in rural areas and resulted in costless expenditure of Rs 4.44. Crores
Due to the failure of the revenue authorities, government land worth Rs. The purpose of agricultural mechanization, the report said.